For those who know me or know about me, I assume you know I am not exactly shy about expressing my opinions on topics like behavior of academics or academic institutions. For example, just after joining UC Davis I wrote a post that was shared widely, condemning a UC Davis Vice Provost over her misuse of her position in support of Closed Access publishing: Vice Provost of U. C. Davis on the wrong side of Open Access.
I give out all sorts of snarky awards on my blog to friends, colleagues, and other folds in the world for doing things I think are inappropriate (e.g., see this STAT story). Sometimes I go overboard in this, but certainly I am not hesitant at expressing thoughts when I think there has been something untoward going on. I try as much as possible to turn my microscope on myself and UC Davis too. For example, see this post from a few weeks ago: UC Davis Storer Lecture series - since 1963 87% of speakers are male.
Again, I know I overdo this sometimes but I am certainly not hesitant to make my feelings know.Painful: #UCDavis Storer Lecture series - since 1963 87% of speakers are male https://t.co/uaBbnxPv5T pic.twitter.com/9GuFORRiqu— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 21, 2016
But the case of Chancellor Katehi leaves me on the fence and with my fingers unclear what to type somewhat. And so I thought I would try to write up what my thoughts are here, even if they are muddled. I wonder what other people think of the situation and would love feedback (as always) on this post.
So - what is so complex here? What am I trying to wrap my brain around? I think my challenge here comes down to the following: I don't know whether some of the responses (including mine) to Chancellor Katehi's actions are tinged with bias, especially sexism. Or, in other words, are the actions and inactions of Chancellor Katehi "firing offenses" or have they been overblown by biased and sexist points of view.
And honestly, I do not know exactly how to figure this out. On the one hand, I accept that there are massive amounts of sexism in society and certainly in regard to how we judge women in power. On the other hand, I think the actions and inactions of Chancellor Katehi and her administration have been serious (in a bad way). I note - one thing I have done to try and better understand my own feelings and actions in this saga is to compile all my posts and communications as best I can and go through them.
This has helped me sort out my thoughts and also helped show me at least that I was certainly not going easy on the UC Davis administration over these cases. I also re-examined my posts about the Pepper Spray incident and aftermath from 2011 which has many parallels to the current situation and also involved Chancellor Katehi. See here for those: posts about the UC Davis Pepper Spray Incident and Aftermath.
Below is a discussion based in part on going through the news stories and posts of others and posts of mine.
Maybe it is best to start with this. A few weeks ago I was pondering the fate of Chancellor Katehi and I wrote a detailed post about this The #UCDavis Chancellor's Board Positions and the Need for a More Public, Open and Early Disclosure System.
I also included in that discussion some possible conflicts of interest of my own that might be clouding my judgment. Those are relevant to this post too and I encourage people to read them. Anyway, this post was written at the beginning of the latest controversy when all that had been disclosed was her acceptance of a set of outside Board positions that were controversial. I had written many mini posts and Tweets about the situation such as those below:
This is why I no longer use textbooks for courses. UC Davis chancellor received $420,000 on book publisher’s board https://t.co/q1evG9aTcG— Bruce Rannala (@BruceRannala) March 5, 2016
And I also had started to see some calls for her to be fired and such and made a point to say I did not feel things were that far along and I also linked to some of those posts.
Am very disappointed in board membership choices by #UCDavis Chancellor Katehi but calls for resignation seem woefully reactionary (1/n)— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 5, 2016
Not trying to defend choices - I think she needs to disclose more details and actions (e.g., on Wiley) & how there was no COI (2/n)— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 5, 2016
But at this time, as far as I can tell no laws or policies were violated (actually it seems UC pushes / encourages board membership) 3/n— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 5, 2016
So rather than hanging Katehi out to dry as Janet Napolitano has done, better if UC took some responsibility 4/n pic.twitter.com/ovR7SY4Xet— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 5, 2016
What we need to do is systematically reverse the corporatization of UC from the top to the bottom and not just pick at one scab 5/n— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 5, 2016
#UCDavis Profs Niemeier & Beamish on UC Admins sitting on boards: Let’s focus on the process, not the person https://t.co/PWRY0ilXQd— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 10, 2016
Anyway I discussed all of this in the longer post linked above. In the post, I concluded two things at the time. First, the Board positions were not good ideas and second, that her actions in regard to these Board positions did not raise to the level of firing or asking for her to resign.
And I note - all of this was not just a remote discussion for me. I was part of the story in relation to one of her Board positions. And I got grief and support from people about my comments about this (even though I was clear to say to everyone I did not know anything about the Chancellor's interactions with this university).
I confess, I found the responses of the "Pro-Katehi" people really disappointing in this story. The Board positions seemed clearly to be bad ideas - riddled with potential or real conflicts of interest and poor judgement about what the response would be to these positions. And I wrote publicly as such. For example:
.@jrossibarra @Graham_Coop @jonfwilkins can't imagine why students angry about Wiley Board https://t.co/NpYjGDj4N6 pic.twitter.com/rOAyWddufN— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 13, 2016
and @Graham_Coop the more I look at this "defense of Wiley" Board position from #UCDavis admins the more icky I feel pic.twitter.com/IAzYI3qgwR— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) March 12, 2016
But I still tried to temper my positions and thoughts to give Chancellor Katehi the benefit of the doubt. And also a student protest began in response to the initial stories and eventually the students "occupied" the Chancellor's main office. I don't have the time in this post to cover the protests, the response to the protests and the response to the responses. But it got ugly. And this made things extra complex. But the protests were quite important in keeping attention on the stories and in revealing both the good and bad sides to some of the critical responses to the Chancellor's actions.
Since that time much else has happened. First, it was revealed that UC Davis had a set of contracts with outside agencies to do damage control PR of various kinds. This literally exploded into a PR nightmare for UC Davis with news coverage from across the globe and massive criticism on social media. I was one of the people throwing out negative comments. I was angry and embarrassed and wrote about this extensively.
And I went out of my way to share critical posts about the administration and to also share some past posts of mine about the pepper spray incident.
Well, $&(!#$&*@#$&@#*)Y: #UCDavis spent thousands to scrub pepper-spray references from Internet https://t.co/u3carw6IDo— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
Did I mention $&*@)!@&$_*(_!$)~(*_$&_!^@)*%&^)!*@&^)^%*&!^@))&*^%)^&!@^)&%!@#) https://t.co/hS6dVV3NDW— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
And I just decided that I felt the need to post about it a lot. For example:So is #UCDavis now going to hire same company to scrub internet of stories about them scrubbing internet? https://t.co/hS6dVV3NDW— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
Re https://t.co/u3carw6IDo The pepper spray incident & aftermath wasn't something to scrub from the internet but something to learn from 1/2— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
One does not learn from something by erasing a record of it. This is maddening #ucdavis #verysad 2/2 https://t.co/feuaKqT0lO— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
Phew: Now it feels really scrubbed https://t.co/py0fQWjAnj— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 14, 2016
But for both of the above stories alternative more supportive narratives were being presented by the UC Davis administration and by various friends and colleagues of mine (and even myself). These supportive narratives basically took four forms:
- First, many suggested that many of these actions were perfectly acceptable normal behavior by a university and its leader. UC Davis and many others kept saying things like that the PR campaign was just about promoting good things UC Davis did.
- The second form of supportive narrative was that even if these actions were wrong, there were minor infractions.
- The third form of supportive narrative, which I myself discussed and struggled with, was that the Chancellor had done many good or great things and that evaluating her actions should be done with the big picture in mind.
- The fourth form of supportive narrative, which was not shared much publicly at first, was that the response to Chancellor Katehi's role in these actions was tinged with sexism.
And the third supportive narrative was complicated. After all just liking what people have done in some area is not enough to grant them a pass on transgressions. We needed to examine the current actions in detail to figure out just how bad they were. But the fourth supportive narrative struck a cord with me. Why? Well, because I have worked for years with Chancellor Katehi on some issues in bias against women. And I have become actively involved in fighting implicit and explicit bias against women in academia and it is pervasive. And I deeply respect the people who kept bringing up this issue.Ugh #UCDavis implies marketing led to high ranking of Vet School and C&ES not quality https://t.co/jWd1tffNmh pic.twitter.com/7jesFF2ofR— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 15, 2016
So as the story continued to evolve it came to a head early last week. Various emails were circulating around campus suggesting that UC President Napolitano had asked Chancellor Katehi to step down. And some were happy about this. But others were not. I was asked to sign a letter to Napolitano about the case and on first read it simply seemed to be saying "Back off and give the case some time" and so I signed it. But then I reread it and felt it was too supportive of Chancellor Katehi's actions (and made some statements for which I did not know of any evidence) so I removed my name. And then an email came which included a letter written by a colleague of mine Linda Bisson who I believe is very level headed and fair and reasonable. The letter was to President Napolitano and it discussed possible sexism in the responses to Chancellor Katehi's actions. And even though I was not sure how I felt about the letter, I felt that it had to be shared publicly. So I asked - and Linda Bisson allowed me to post it on my blog: Letter from #UCDavis Profs to Janet Napolitano about possible sexism in responses to Chancellor Katehi's activities.
Just sharing the letter itself generate some heated discussions. I again note - I was not endorsing the letter. I just felt the ideas in the letter needed to be brought into the discussion even if I was not sure how I felt about the letter.
The more I think about it the more I realize that sexism is clearly a part of the response to Chancellor Katehi's actions. Egregious actions of other UC leaders who are male have not been met with the same level of response. Repeatedly. This just seems unfair in many ways. And also the reaction from President Napolitano seemed pretty extreme and overly personal and reactionary (e.g., some of the charges in it were not part of the current discussion).
And so I went back an reexamined the first three supportive narratives I outlined above trying to consider how they could be viewed in the face of sexism. Regarding the first supportive narrative I guess a question to ask is - what do other universities and university leaders do? But even if things are done by others I don't think that justifies them. I think the PR campaign was massively misguided. I think the Board positions were unwise and riddled with potential and real conflicts of interest. So regardless of what others do I think these were missteps. They show a lack of foresight in thinking about what others would think about these activities. And the leader of a major university needs to use such foresight and use it well.
Regarding the second supportive narrative, I think this is more complicated. At first it seemed the Chancellor and her staff were defending all of her actions (the first narrative) which I found unseemly.
But then she did (sort of) apologize and said she would work to fix any mistakes. I found the apology unconvincing to be honest but was happy to see it. So she was accepting some responsibility for mistakes and thus I could in a way cross of the first narrative. Thus we could now discuss whether these mistakes were enough to lead to firing / stepping down. At that point after consulting many colleagues, I decided that I was still displeased with the Chancellor and her administration in many ways, but that I was hoping that we could move forward in some way.
I think the third narrative (that I felt she had done many good things for UC Davis) played a big role in my thoughts here.
But then, just thereafter there came some new revelations. And these ones I think rewrite the situation a bit. First, President Napolitano had apparently asked Katehi to resign (as mentioned above). And Katehi apparently decided not to.
Just got this email forwarded from #UCDavis Chancellor Katehi on her commitment to staying as Chancellor pic.twitter.com/hTJKVnH15d— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 27, 2016
And then the hammer came down from President Napolitano including various new accusations. And also the Sacramento Bee revealed further details about the recent social media "listening campaign" paid for by the UC Davis Administration.
Read the ‘listening reports’ that UC Davis’ PR firm provided Katehi’s aides: https://t.co/kU71jha3RQ— dianalambert (@dianalambert) April 29, 2016
These two stories together were particularly distressing to me. And most distressing they revealed a side of the story I have not discussed move above which was there throughout. This involves the communications from Chancellor Katehi and her administration about all of these topics. Napolitano, for example, was angry about the possible misleading statements about Chancellor Katehi's role in the PR contracts. And though I think the Napolitano letter has some problems (e.g., no
And the fact that the reports published by the SacBee included a lot of material about me and my brother and close friends and colleagues really threw me into a bit of a rage.
So @dianalambert those are painful - includes reports about @mbeisen @lpachter @BruceRannala and more #ucdavis role in this is pathetic— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 29, 2016
@phylogenomics @dianalambert @mbeisen @lpachter @BruceRannala impressive: top "influencer", in front of @sacbee_news pic.twitter.com/4Cu9upwmJC— Fabian Rivera-Chávez (@FabianRChavez) April 29, 2016
And these were just the latest examples of disastrously bad or misleading or inaccurate communications coming from the UC Davis Administration. The press releases they had been putting out were pretty awful. The statements they made were frequently incomplete or downright misleading. And they seemed to never really get the seriousness of any of the situations. I had been pointing this out along the way but it just never got better. It just got worse. A good summary of the communications problems has been discussed by Marcos Breton in a series of articles in the Sacramento Bee. For example:
So after all the saga, after all the rehashing of my prior responses, I feel torn still. I get that there is real sexism in how women and women leaders are treated. I have been fighting such sexism for years and been inspired by how Chancellor Katehi fight's such sexism with action. But I think even in the face of this, there are real and distressing mistakes that Chancellor Katehi and her administration have made and keep making. And these mistakes are doing damage to my beloved UC Davis. In addition, and also very important, I worry deeply about unfair charges of sexism against critics of Chancellor Katehi. There are real and valid criticisms of Chancellor Katehi and her actions and her administration and discounting them all just because some aspects of the situation involve sexism is also damaging.@ted_geier @sacbee_news communications coming from #UCDavis admin are disastrously bad (eg see https://t.co/Hd5lzDxbp6 by @MarcosBreton)— Jonathan Eisen (@phylogenomics) April 19, 2016
In the end, am I willing to wait for the results of the planned investigation by the University of California into Chancellor Katehi's actions? Yes I am. Do I think she will be absolved of the more serious charges? I do not know but I truly hope so.
But regardless of the results of this investigation, I am deeply worried about how the entire situation impacts UC Davis. Yes, Chancellor Katehi deserves to be treated fairly. And yes, she has done some very good things for UC Davis. And yes I like her personally. And yes there is a great deal of subtle and not so subtle sexism in the world and likely some in the response to her actions. But I am unable to stop coming back to the series of clear mistakes that have been made. Of actions and inactions that have shown poor judgment. And of repeated, baffling, and damaging poor communications in response to the ongoing situation. I have given as much benefit of the doubt as I am able to give I guess. And at this point in time I have just really had enough. I hope we can move UC Davis back to a better path as soon as possible. Maybe this could happen with a rapid (very rapid) and complete and open investigation of Chancellor Katehi and of her being cleared of all major accusations. I hold out hope for that to happen. However, it seems to me that the most obvious way forward, unless something else drastically changes, is going to be with a new Chancellor.